BIBLE READINGS: Genesis 2:15-17; 3:1-7 Matthew 4:1-11
One of the tourist traps in modern-day Palestine, I’m told, is a cable car of the sort you’d find at a ski resort in colder climes. It carries thousands of tourists a day from the ancient city of Jericho, halfway up the side of a mountain to a Greek Orthodox monastery. One lone monk lives in that monastery today. Thanks to the cable car, he’s got lots of neighbors these days.
They say the view’s pretty good from up there, but that’s not why the tourists come. There are three restaurants up there now, and a luxury hotel, and a whole lot of souvenir shops: but that’s not what brings the people there. The tourists come because the monastery’s called the Monastery of the Temptation.
It’s said to be built on the very spot where Jesus was tempted by the devil. The devil — as we read about it today — challenged the Lord to turn stones into bread, to demonstrate what a first-rate messiah he was.
Wherever it happened that Jesus was tempted — on that mountainside or some other place — there’s one thing for certain: he didn’t ride a cable car to get there. No, he travelled on foot, along a dusty trail.
After making that trek, Jesus had to be pretty tired of all that walking. By the time the devil finally showed up, he was hungry, too: but that’s because he’d been fasting — for forty days and forty nights, the Bible tells us.
The number 40 is code, in the Bible, for “a very long time.” It calls to mind the 40 days of rain in the story of Noah’s flood. Also, the 40 years the Israelites wandered in the wilderness.
Whatever the case, the devil waited a very long time before tempting Jesus. He wanted to make sure all that hunger had softened him up for the irresistible offers he was about to make.
Those deals were three in number. The devil challenges Jesus to transform stones into bread. Then, he tries to talk him into climbing up to the pinnacle of the Temple and jumping off. Finally, he offers Jesus a job: King of the World.
You could describe the three temptations as Unlimited Abundance, Unlimited Security and Unlimited Power. Jesus turns him down on all three.
The temptations we read about, as Matthew describes them, sound a little strange to our ears. But when you recast them in those terms — abundance, security and power — they sound like the sorts of thing you and I so often struggle with, in our daily lives.
First, there’s this matter of turning stones into bread. I’m not suggesting you or I have ever attempted such a magic trick, but there have surely been times when we wished most earnestly for unlimited abundance. There are times we’ve fantasied about being rich.
Because that’s what turning stones into bread really is. Out in the wilderness of the Middle East, there’s one thing that’s more plentiful than anything else: stones. As common as they are, all those stones are pretty useless. But what if you could turn them into something valuable: like loaves of bread?
If you could magically turn stones into bread, you’d have it made. You could open up a bakery — even a nationwide bread-distribution business. The cost of production would be exactly zero. You could corner the market! You’d be wealthy beyond your wildest dreams.
Admit it: you’ve had that fantasy, haven’t you? Maybe not the stones-into-bread thing, but you’ve surely daydreamed about winning the lottery. Unlimited Abundance!
Temptation number two is throwing yourself off a skyscraper. Well, not exactly. For Matthew, it’s the pinnacle of the Temple.
Now, that may not sound to you like the most alluring fantasy — especially if you’re afraid of heights, as most people are. But you have to hear the whole thing. The devil says to Jesus, “Throw yourself off the pinnacle of the Temple, and I promise you the angels will swoop in and catch you.”
It’s a superhero fantasy. The devil’s offering Jesus the opportunity to play Superman: to go soaring through the air, defying gravity: and arriving safely on the ground, to the acclamation of a cheering crowd. Sure, the fame and glory are part of it, but the payoff, at its most basic level, is Unlimited Security. As long as the angels are there to catch you, you can jump off all the skyscrapers you want.
You and I are living in a time when security is becoming our national obsession. One of the most important — and powerful — government agencies these days is the ministry for home affairs. Ever since 9/11, a large number of Australians will tell you security is one of their biggest worries. They wake up in the morning fretting over worst-case scenarios that could ambush them, or those they love — and, they go to bed with those anxieties scarcely diminished.
But what if someone came along and promised us Unlimited Security? Nobody would have to worry about anything, ever again. We’d all be perfectly safe.
Now, on to temptation number three. The devil throws his arm around Jesus and soars with him up into the skies. In an instant he shows him “all the kingdoms of the world and their splendour.” If that were happening today, he’d take him on a lightning tour of all the major cities of the world: New York, London, Paris, Beijing, Tokyo, Sydney — on and on. “All these great cities of the world,” the devil would say, “belong to me. But no longer. Because I’m giving them all to you!”
There’s got to be a catch. The offer sounds too good to be true!
But it is true. And there’s really not a catch. He owns every last one of those cities. He really wants Jesus to have them all, to govern them, to use his benevolent power to reign over them forever!
Why is that, do you suppose? Why would the devil give up such prized possessions to his sworn enemy, demanding nothing by way of payment?
The devil’s willing to give them all up for one reason. He knows that, if Jesus the carpenter from Nazareth is suddenly elevated to King of the World, he’s going to be so busy being king he won’t be able to accomplish his mission. He won’t be able to complete the one task God sent him into the world to do.
He won’t be able to go to the cross. He won’t be able to die there for the sin of the human race. Nor, from the tomb, will he be raised from the dead, that we all may have hope of eternal life. With unlimited human power at his disposal, Jesus will be so busy making the world a better place, he’ll never unlock the gates of heaven.
I’d like to tell you a story from The Lord of the Rings, because it illustrates this very point about unlimited power.
There’s a time when Frodo, the hobbit — whose job it is to carry the magical ring to a certain volcano and throw it in inside, to destroy it — is meeting with the Elvish Queen, Galadriel. Now, Galadriel is good. She’s also beautiful and powerful. Frodo’s despairing of his mission. He’s unsure he’s got what it takes to bear the ring. He offers it to Galadriel — figuring she’s so much better-qualified than he is to do that hard thing.
But Galadriel refuses the offer. She does think about it for a minute. She says to Frodo he doesn’t know what he’s asking: “In place of the Dark Lord you will set up a Queen. And I shall not be dark but beautiful and terrible as the Morning and the Night! Fair as the Sea and the Sun and the Snow upon the mountain! Dreadful as the Storm and the Lightning! Stronger than the foundations of the earth. All shall love me and despair!”
In that moment, Galadriel seems to transform, before the hobbit’s very eyes, from the beautiful, golden-haired woman in her flowing white robe into a screaming Valkyrie. Frodo begins to understand what transformation unlimited power could bring, even to one so good as she.
Frodo’s qualification for bearing the ring is not wisdom, cunning nor power, but the fact that, more than most people, he is contented. The temptation to power has no hold on him. In our biblical story, as it turns out, the same was true of Jesus.
There’s really no chance Jesus would ever give in to the devil’s temptations. That’s because Unlimited Virtue is his stock in trade. He’s the one human ever to walk this earth who was utterly incorruptible, utterly invulnerable to the wiles of the tempter. He is “one who in every respect has been tested as we are, yet without sin,” it says in Hebrews 4:15.
That means… we can trust him. We can trust him, body and soul. When we give our lives to him, when we pledge to follow him — or, to renew that very pledge we made, long ago — he offers to us all the abundance, security and power we need. These gifts are not unlimited, but we don’t need them to be. Not here, on this earth. They’re unlimited in heaven, and that’s enough.
What we need, here and now, is the bread he offers us — “this is my body, broken for you.” And the wine — “this is the cup of the new covenant, for the forgiveness of sins.” When you and I reach out our hands and accept these precious gifts, they are — by the grace of the one who is host at this Table — all we really need.
Acknowledgement: Rev Carlos Wilton